There is an understanding among the media scholars that viral media such as meme has similar ideas to the human biology. The ideas are that it can self-replicate, spread/transmit, and become viral.

In reading If It Doesn’t Spread, It’s Dead by Henry Jenkins, he proposed the Spreadable model for viral media—to put an emphasis on the activity of the consumers! The consumers are also seen as the multipliers of those viral media objects. He also proposed a grass-root circulation of the content instead of the centralized one that is put in the hands of media producers.

In today’s blog post, I will be talking about meme. This is how Google defined “Meme.”


What I see in this definition are two common denominators: human and culture. Personally, I see the Internet as a culture itself; yet, it is not difficult to hear the other side of this argument: it is just a tool. However, we won’t be getting into this argument. We will take it as a culture in this blog post.

Nowadays, when one talks about meme; everyone would first instantly refer to those viral funny images/GIFs that travelling around from sites to sites. For examples, the troll faces. According to Memes: The New Replicators by Richard Dawkins, some memes stay alive longer in the meme pool because they have won the attention (brain space) and time usage of the viewers than their rival memes. In today world, it’s easy to say that memes have become common cultural references for people. The Internet has facilitates a faster rate for information to travel through different locations.  Hence, it has inevitably creates a mutual culture across continents. For instance, a troll face reference can be understood not just in the USA but also in other countries that English is not their native tongue. To Dawkins, a meme spreads due to its acceptance to the population that understood it. Yet, a notion that something spreads, and something survives might not be the same notion. Both Dawkins and Jenkins believed that for an idea to survive longer, it needs to get referenced even long after it spreads. An example of this could be found on In the popular meme section, we could find many memes that were very viral, but no longer popular (E.g. Brown Twitter Bird). Some of them are originated from a special event at the time it appeared (e.g. Inception). Yet, we still could find many memes that are continuously getting referenced (E.g. Like a Boss). Thus, it is understandable why meme could be compared to genes. They multiply, repurposed, and adapt to the environment. The one that survives is the one that easiest to modify for different communities’ references (e.g. troll memes).

Coming back to the notion of time that Dawkins mentioned. With a faster rate of transmission, we have a much larger amount of information to digest. Therefore, a meme needs to be even more particular and creative to catch our attention. An example for this is: I remember when I was an IB student back in high school. An Internet meme called: “You know you are in IB when…” got popular among the IB schools. It was a very long meme. Yet, most IB students I know sat through the whole things, and shared it around to other IB students. We still reference that meme now. Yet, the people that are not in IB program would have no idea what we talk about because this meme was so particular to only IB students. However, these days, there is another meme called “What people think I do/ What I really do…” and it is a different story. People pass it around even though the meme might not particularly be about them. They pass it around because of someone they know of, or just feel like it’s true. These people are the connectors of those bow-tie networks. It is how meme makes it across different communities. What is the difference between these two memes? There is no visual in the first one. The second one has visual, which captures the attention better. Moreover, the second is short, only 6 frames of picture and short descriptions. Because of information overload, people start to only skim through what they read; thus, that’s why the second meme has become extremely viral.

So what is the point? We know that the human factor in the culture is what really decide whether the object gets spread around. Thus, like Jenkins suggested, if a company wants to get its message across to different flatforms, it needs to put the emphasis on the activity of consumers. There are several things it needs to remember: not only its message need to be strikingly different from its rival, it also need to focus on those connectors in the bowtie networks. They are the one that would facilitate the message to different network communities.


2 thoughts on “Memes

  1. jessicamwhitney

    Hahn, your blog is well written. It is hard for me to comment on this blog because you talked about alot of the key points from the readings. Over the course of the semster we have talked in depth about viruses and how they spread. Memes goes hand in hand with viruses because they are spreadable. It is amazing how quick things spread. Once one person find out about it they tell someone else and it spreads within the blink of an eye. While the internet is one of the fastest ways to spread information it does a great job at transmitting the information in such a short amount of time to a mass audience. Memes are similar to flies because some flies live for a long period of time and some do not. Not all memes survive a long time nor do they die out quickly. I think some memes last longer because of the impact they have on society.

  2. scrowe1

    The Internet is absolutely a culture. Fan sites, shoe sites, sites on home decorating, sporting websites, they are all meant to attract particular groups that favor them over others. That’s at least an advertisers way of looking at it. A meme is like an advertisers dream- if it sticks in the mind of viewers, it’s almost guaranteed to be a success. In the case of many of the memes we know, if they make you laugh, your most likely going to have a shared hit.

    I feel a more interesting question would be, “is there a meme that was negative/condescending that spread and perhaps shouldn’t have?” People like Rebecca Black or Star Wars kid might agree with that statement because their videos, though funny and entertaining, created some negative backlash online and in their personal lives. Is that just a cost of having your video become a meme or can it be avoided?


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